August 2, 2017 - Around the Chocolate
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First a sacred drink and aphrodisiac among the ancient peoples of Mexico, then a remedy in the Middle Ages, chocolate is now a unanimously appreciated product. His story is a long series of discoveries and improvements that lead us straight to the delicious CÉMOI sweets we all love.

In the 10th century, the Toltecs, an Indian people of Mexico, already cultivated cocoa. They grinded and roasted the cocoa beans, adding spices, honey and water. This beverage was their sacred drink.
The Toltecs were rich but the greatest of their wealth was the cocoa tree.

Around 1325, the Aztecs who dominated Mexico, used cacahualt, the cocoa bean, as money. The bag of 8000 beans was the monetary unit: xiquipilli.

In 1519, the Spanish conquistador Cortés, who destroyed the Aztec Empire and became governor-general of New Spain in 1522, had cocoa served and hastened to inform Charles V, King of Castile, of this: We discovered a new remedy. You just have to drink a cup to feel better and feel able to provide an effort all day, even without eating … “.

When Cortés seized the famous treasure of the King of Aztecs, besides gold and precious stones, 25,000 quintals of cacahualt, the cocoa currency, were uncovered. This cocoa, brought back to Spain, was entrusted to the monks who retained the privilege of making chocolate.

But in 1606, we do not know by which right, the Florentine Carlette reported the secret in Italy and the use of chocolate also spread in Flanders and Germany.

The taste of consuming this new drink will be transmitted to the Court of France by King Philip III of Spain, who in 1615 gave his daughter Anne of Austria in marriage to Louis XIII, King of France. The brother of Cardinal Richelieu, Alphonse, took chocolate, he said: “to moderate the vapors of his spleen and fight against anger and bad mood.”

But the manufacture and sale of chocolate remain a favor granted by the King. It is only in 1693 that the privilege falls and that the extension will be developed.

In 1687, the doctor Nicolas de Blégay recommended the chocolate against “the stomach pains, the fevers, the nervous diseases and the biliary effusions”.

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